Dancing boys are an institution in Central Asia. They dance for the entertainment of 'khans' (those seated on the rug to the right), as the Nautch girls of India would dance for the ruling class. These boys were taken advantage of by the ruling class in more ways than one, though did receive some sort of compensation for what they had to offer.

Note the rug upon which the 'khans' are seated. It would appear to be a Kirghiz rug of some sort. The Kirghiz lived in the Khiva region and rugs they had woven are seen in the marketplaces to this day, dstinguished by structural characteristics (cotton warps) and a distinctive palette.