|Clearly, this man is not a sadhu, but rather a Brahmin 'priest' of some significance. His ample body and the opulent manner in which he has surrounded himself suggests something less than renunciation of earthly delights.
Brahmins belong to the upper caste society. According to ancient Hindu texts including the Manusm?ti, there are four "varnas", or spiritual classes, into which all persons can be divided, based on inherent temperament, and level of spiritual development achieved through many incarnations – the Brahmins (teachers, scholars and priests), the Kshatriyas (kings and warriors), the Vaishyas (agriculturists, artisans and merchants), and Shudras (service providers and laborers). Later, this originally spiritual classification became a hereditary social system in India.
Brahmins were charged with performing religious duties as priests and preaching Dharma (as "one who prays; a devout or religious man; a Brāhman who is well versed in Vedic texts; one versed in sacred knowledge"). The Brahmins held authority over interpretation of Vedic and Puranic spiritual texts like the Vedas, Upanishads and Bhagavad-Gita, and were the teachers of the Vedic period.