Nazca Headband, South Coast of Peru, 100 – 800AD
The Nazca culture (also Nasca) was the archaeological culture that flourished from 100 to 800 CE beside the dry southern coast of Peru in the river valleys of the Rio Grande de Nazca drainage and the Ica Valley (Silverman and Proulx, 2002). Having been heavily influenced by the preceding Paracas culture, which was known for extremely complex textiles, the Nazca produced an array of beautiful crafts and technologies such as ceramics, textiles, and geoglyphs (most commonly known as the Nazca lines).
The imagery is clearly depicted in blazing colors uncompromised by the passage of time. Nazca religious beliefs were centered around agriculture and fertility. Much of Nazca art depicts powerful nature gods, such as the mythical killer whale, the harvesters, the mythical spotted cat, the serpentine creature, and the most prevalent of worshiped figures, the anthropomorphic mythical being. These heads seen here may relate to this mythical being. The size of this textile is 2” wide and 9” long as seen in the photo (folded, only half the complete length is visible in either of the two images)
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